Sustainable Development Goals
On 25 September 2015, the United Nations approved the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the related 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), articulated in 169 Targets to be reached by 2030.
Recognising the unsustainability of the current development model, and affirming an integrated vision of the different dimensions - environmental, economic and social - of sustainability the Nations are committed to achieving, by 2030, 17 ambitious goals at the global level.
All Countries are called upon to make the world move on a sustainable path, no longer distinguishing between developed, emerging and developing countries, even if obviously the problems can be different depending on the level of development achieved. This means that each Country must contribute to the effort by defining its own strategy and reporting within the UN.
Furthermore, we rely on a strong involvement of all the components of the society.
Sustainable Development Goals, Businesses and the OECD Guidelines
The 2030 Agenda implies a far greater role for the private sector in global development than it has been in the past. The investment needs to reach the SDGs is trillions of dollars and the mobilization of the private sector will be a crucial element of their success. Stronger partnerships between the public and the private sector can be mutually beneficial in many ways.
However, it must be clear that economic activity, by whomever it exercises, does not necessarily or automatically lead to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. Responsible business conduct, promoted in the OECD Guidelines and other international standards referred to therein - can make economic activity one of the major allies of the Sustainable Development Goals. The European Union works with and within the ILO, OECD, UN in order to promote decent work for all, promote the social dimension of globalisation, implement the external dimension of European policies
The National Strategy for Sustainable Development
In line with the undertakings of September 2015, Italy is committed to declining the strategic objectives of the United Nations Agenda 2030 for sustainable development in economic, social and environmental planning.
The National Strategy for Sustainable Development (SNSvS) after a process of elaboration and consultation was presented to the Council of Ministers on 2 October 2017, approved by the CIPE on 22 December and made the subject of a directive by the President of the Council of Ministers March 16, 2018.
The National Strategy is structured in five areas: People, Planet, Prosperity, Peace and Partnership. Each area is composed of a system of strategic choices (ordered with Roman numerals) declined in national strategic objectives (ordered with Arabic numbers), specific to the Italian reality and complementary to the 169 targets of the 2030 Agenda.
At the same time, the European Union is also involved in the implementation and definition of the principles of the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. The modalities of declination of the objectives at the EU level will represent an important indication for the member countries in the final definition of their respective strategic objectives.
The 17 Sustainable Development Goals
(1) End poverty in all its forms everywhere; (2) end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture; (3) ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages; (4) ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all; (5) achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls; (6) ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all; (7) ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all; (8) promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all; (9) build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation; (10) reduce inequality within and among countries; (11) make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable; (12) ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns; (13) take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts; (14) conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development; (15) protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss; (16) promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels; (17) strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.
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